New York employees who report discrimination and harassment in the workplace are not supposed to face retaliation afterwards. Furthermore, employers have an obligation to pursue these complaints in a fair manner. However, this does not always happen even in organizations like the Coast Guard.
Wrongful termination is a tragedy for many people. As an employee, you are working because you need to earn money to live. Being let go unexpectedly can lead to financial difficulties. When the termination is because you did something that is protected by law, such as filing a report about discrimination, harassment or other illegal activities, things get even more difficult.
Despite the passage of civil rights laws and advances in social justice over the years, many workers in New York continue to suffer from discrimination on the job. There are multiple different protected classes under the law. For example, it is unlawful for employers to discriminate against workers based on race, national origin, sex, religion, disability or genetic information. Sex discrimination can also include sexual orientation, gender identity or pregnancy discrimination.
Employers in New York state and throughout the country are generally prohibited from making hiring decisions based on gender or age. However, a lawsuit filed by the former in-house attorney for Nokia accuses the tech giant of age and gender discrimination. The plaintiff claims that she was treated differently than male employees while seeking a promotion.
While New York has strong job discrimination protections in place for LGBTQ employees, many other states don't offer such protections. However, that could change thanks to three cases headed to the U.S. Supreme Court in October. In advance of those cases, over 200 American corporations have joined an amicus, or friend of the court, brief in support of a federal anti-discrimination law protecting lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender workers.
A study that examined complaints of sexual harassment made from 1997 to 2016 indicated that black women may be more likely than white women to face sexual harassment at work. The study found that reports of harassment overall dropped by 40% during the period studied. New York employers are required by law to provide a workplace free of quid pro quo, or hostile work environment sexual harassment, but these remain problems in many companies.